En esta actividad el estudiante pondrá en práctica sus conocimientos a través de la interpretación de un texto dado en lengua extranjera que le permitirá avanzar significativamente en su proceso de aprendizaje. La lectura contiene muchas situaciones desarrolladas en los temas tratados previamente, lo cual le dará la oportunidad de reconocer la importancia de otra cultura y relacionarla con la propia. Este texto pretende introducir al estudiante en un mundo más complejo de la lengua y comprender la infromación en un sentido más amplio y aplicar sus conocimientos adquiridos durante la primera fase del curso. Es una historia rica en sentimientos y muy divertida porque está relacionada directamente con nuestrao quehacer cotidiano.
COMPREHENSION READING ABOUT USEFUL VERBS
SAMUEL SMILES HISTORY
“Thank God it´s Friday”
A comment such as this one is very familiar to medern man, but attitudes to work have not always been so negative. In the 19th century, people thought very differently about work. For example, I cannot imagine
5 what a man like Samuel Smiles Would say if he could hear 20th century complaints about work
Samuel Smiles was born in Scotland in 1821 and lived until 1904. He is famous because of his influencial book Self help, Published in 1859. His book said that everyone could be successful if they worked hard and
10 saved the Money earned. . It was immensely popular; it sold twenty-thousand copies in the first year it was Published, and by 1905 it had sold over a quarter of a million copies. People all over the World read it: it was translated into Dutch, French, Danish, German, Italian, Japanese, Arabic and Turkish. Why did this book become so popular?
15 The answer is that Self Help appeared at a time when society was changing rapidly. Previously, wealth and power had depended on land; to be rich you had to be a land owner. Then the machines arrived and created new opportunities for making Money. An intelligent person who worked hard and made a fortune, the “Self made man”, caught the
20 imagination of people everywhere. Life seemed full of opportunity for hard working individuals. “ I , too, can be rich,” they thought, and agreed with Samuel Smiles when he said:“The gods, says the poet, have placed labour and toil on the road leading to the Elysian fields”.
25 For hard working men in the 19th century, work could lead to paradise. But nowadays most people do not agree. We think paradise is not working and that leisure is superior to work. We think work is necessary but we cannot believe that it is noble or valuable in itself. In the last century, the Khedive of Egypt wrote quotations from Self Help on the walls of his palace
30 but they find no admirers now. Smiles´great success ended at the end of the 19th century. His last book Conduct was never Published; his publishers rejected it in 1898. Why did people stop reading Smiles´books?
Machines changad society´s conception of work. Robotics and
35 information technology may change our ideas about work. Man may stop working in the old sense and do other things instead. But Iwonder what man World do in a World where robots did all the work. Also, I wonder what Samuel Smiles World say about it.